Shiromani Akali Dal was formed on 14 December 1920 as a task force of the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee,
the Sikh religious body. The Shiromani Akali Dal considers itself the principal representative of Sikhs. Sardar Sarmukh Singh
Chubbal was the first president of a unified proper Akali Dal, but it became popular under Master Tara Singh. The party launched the Punjabi Suba movement, demanding a state with majority of Punjabi speaking people, out of undivided East Punjab under the leadership of Sant Fateh Singh. In 1966, the present Punjab was formed. Akali Dal came to power in the new Punjab, but early governments didn't live long due to internal conflicts and power struggles within the party. Later, party strengthened and party governments completed full term.
Present political position
The current Punjab government is formed by Shiromani Akali Dal in partnership with its regional and national ally Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It has 59 members in Punjab Legislative Assembly and combined with 12 of BJP, forms a majority government. Akali Dal has absolute majority since 2015. Party patron and ex-president Parkash Singh Badal is the Chief Minister of Punjab and the party president Sukhbir Singh Badal is deputy-chief minister. The party has 4 members in the Lok Sabha. Party's main political opponent is Indian National Congress.
Punjab had flourished and developed a lot under the Shiromani Akali Dal Governance and ruling at Punjab.