Health Use of nicotine during pregnancy may increase risk of sudden infant death syndrome 2018-07-18T22:30:57.000000000-04:00 Nicotine exposure during pregnancy, whether from smoking cigarettes, or nicotine patches and e-cigarettes, increases risk of sudden infant death syndrome -- sometimes known as 'cot death' -- according to new research. Alcohol-related cirrhosis deaths skyrocket in young adults 2018-07-18T18:36:05.000000000-04:00 Liver disease deaths jumped by 65 percent in the United States, from 1999-2016, disproportionately affecting adults ages 25-34. The increase in deaths among young adults was driven entirely by alcohol-related liver disease, according to a new study. Switching to certain antidiabetic drugs linked to increased risk of major complications 2018-07-18T18:36:02.000000000-04:00 For people with type 2 diabetes, switching to sulfonylurea drugs to control blood sugar levels is associated with an increased risk of complications compared with staying on the drug metformin, a new study finds. DNA methylation related to liver disease among obese patients, study shows 2018-07-18T17:03:18.000000000-04:00 Researchers have identified how DNA methylation is associated with a condition known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can lead to liver cirrhosis and death, and is one of the leading indicators for liver transplants. Therapy dogs effective in reducing symptoms of ADHD, study finds 2018-07-18T17:02:58.000000000-04:00 Researchers have found therapy dogs to be effective in reducing the symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. RNA molecules that regulate action of male hormone in prostate cancer identified 2018-07-18T15:22:34.000000000-04:00 A study detected in tumoral tissue hundreds of RNAs that do not encode proteins but appear to regulate effects of androgens and androgen receptors on gene expression in tumors. By investigating the connection between the presence of these molecules and tumor aggressiveness, the research paves the... Secular countries can expect future economic growth, confirms new study 2018-07-18T14:31:03.000000000-04:00 New research measuring the importance of religion in 109 countries spanning the entire 20th century has reignited an age-old debate around the link between secularization and economic growth. The study has shown that a decline in religion influences a country's future economic prosperity. Melanoma biomarkers predicting checkpoint blocker response 2018-07-18T14:30:58.000000000-04:00 Scientists have identified biomarkers in melanoma that could help tailor immunotherapy treatments to maximize the benefits for patients while reducing the likelihood of severe side effects. Scientists uncover DNA 'shield' w/crucial roles in normal cell division 2018-07-18T14:30:55.000000000-04:00 New fundamental complex in cells drives 'messy' form of DNA repair. In immune cells, this is crucial to make antibodies. In cancer, mutations in complex could lead to resistance to BRCA-targeting PARP inhibitor drugs or platinum chemotherapies. Bacterial armor could be a new target for antibiotics 2018-07-18T13:11:45.000000000-04:00 Boosting efforts to fight antibiotic resistance, researchers have found that a thin membrane, thought to be just a shrink wrap around some bacterial cell walls, has structural properties critical for survival. Drugs that destroy the membrane could be a new approach to treating infection.