MANC.HU Manchu was the official language of the Qing China's foreign rulers (1644-1911). Historically, many Manchu records are paralleled by Chinese translations. So, why not just read the Chinese version? First, many texts are Manchu only. Also, translation is interpretation, always (and Manchu original versions can be deliberately different from their Chinese renditions!) And, how about autochtoneous, untranslated Manchu belles-lettres, letters, inscriptions, poetry? To us it's crystal clear: wanting to fully appreciate and understand the Manchus, their rulers, politics, their doings, coming and goings, their prayers & poetry, learning their language is a absolute must. Manc.hu provides a free tool platform and start.me is a very nice addition to our services. So: eat your heart out!